Fruit de Clusia Guyane Fran├žaise Marion Chartier

Scientific interests

Evolutionary ecology, evolution of floral traits, morphospaces, statistics, plant-pollinator interactions, chemical ecology (floral and insect scents), phylogenetics.

Education and professional experience

Postdoctorat:
Diversity and evolution of the floral morphospace.
Department of Botany and Biodiversity Research, Vienna University, Austria.

Morphospaces are mathematical descriptions used for studying the evolution and distribution of morphological diversity (disparity). To do so, a common procedure is the calculation of disparity indexes that allow quantifying and comparing morphological disparity among groups. In addition, reduced (2- or 3-dimensional) representations of the space can be built in which similar morphologies fall close to each other.

The aim of my research is to use a morphospace approach to describe and quantify the morphological diversity of flowers, with the angiosperm order Ericales as study model. This works adds in to the evolutionary biology field of research aiming at understanding the origin and the evolution of floral phenotypes, and their particular distribution among angiosperm clades.

Ericales belongs to the asterid clade and, with more than 11,000 species, comprises ca. six per cent of the eudicot species diversity. The 22 currently recognized families include among many other well-known taxa tea (Camellia sinensis, Theaceae), kiwi (Actinidia deliciosa, Actinidiaceae), persimmon and ebony (Diospyros, Actinidiaceae), pitcher plants (e.g. Sarracenia, Sarraceniaceae) and many horticulturally important genera (e.g. Impatiens, Balsaminaceae; Primula, Primulaceae; Rhododendron, Ericaceae). Ericales are highly variable in their ecology, their vegetative morphology, and in particular their floral structure.

I use non-parametric ordination methods and statistic methods based on distance matrices to build and analyse a morphospace in which I compare the relative position of the 22 ericalean families. I then quantify and interpret the disparity of these groups in the light of their taxonomic diversity, their evolutionary history, and their ecology.
2013-2016 Postdoctorat.
University of Vienna, Austria.
Diversity and evolution of the floral morphospace.
2012 Civic volunteer service. Engineer.
Cirad (French Agricultural Center for International Development), Saint-Pierre, Reunion Island (France).
Control of the coffee berry moth (Prophantis smaragdina Butler): identification of the sexual pheromone and its use in plant integrated protection.

Download Prophantis smaragdina data sheet.
2008-2011 PhD: Evolution of Araceae pollination systems: phylogenetic and ecological constraints.
Doctoral School SEVAB, Toulouse (France).
Laboratory of Evolution and Biological Diversity, Toulouse, France,
Joint Research Unit Ecology of Guiana Forests, Kourou, French Guiana.
Director: Marc Gibernau.
2008 Msc degree: Biodiversity, Ecology and Evolution, Paul Sabatier University, Toulouse (France).
2008 Msc Degree in Engineering: option Horticulture, Institut National d'Horticulture et de Paysage (graduate college of horticulture and landscaping), Agrocampus Ouest, Centre d'Angers (France).